April 1, 2009
and Retirees of the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers,
and the Mississippi River Commission; Their Partners, Friends,
and Citizens of Vicksburg.
FLOOD OF 1927:
"Vicksburg and the Nation's Most Destructive Flood"
rains in the fall of 1926 and the spring of 1927 set the stage for one
of our Nation's worst natural disasters. Levees held back the
water until breaks occurred at Mound Landing, Miss., and Pendleton,
Ark., on April 21, 1927.
the time the floodwaters receded in August, more than 1 million acres
and 162,000 homes were flooded, $100 million in crops had been damaged,
over 700,000 people had been relocated to refugee camps (like this one
on high ground in Vicksburg), thousands of buildings had been destroyed
and several hundred people had died.
31,000 heroic volunteers cared for their fellow citizens, rising above
prejudices and self-interest to rescue, comfort, and shepherd them
a direct result of this disaster, Congress passed the Flood Control
Act of 1928 providing Federal funding and responsibility for flood
protection on the lower Mississippi by the U. S. Army Corps of
Engineers and the Mississippi River Commission (MRC). The MRC
has relocated from St. Louis, Mo., and the Corps' Waterways Experiment
Station was created to work with the Corps' Lower Mississippi Valley
Division and Vicksburg District offices.
efforts established Vicksburg as the center of expertise for water
infrastructure engineering in the Nation.
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