May 12, 2005
Council of Garden Clubs
Keep Vicksburg/Warren Beautiful
CITIES BEFORE VICKSBURG:
"Prehistoric Settlement in Warren County"
Vicksburg-Warren County area has a long prehistoric heritage.
There is evidence of prehistoric Native Americans in this area as
early as 2000 B. C. These early cultures were from the Poverty
Point Period and were followed by the Baytown Period and the Coles
Native Americans during the Poverty Point Period were hunter-gatherers
and were semi-sedentary, but were also beginning to develop regional
trade and exchange networks.
major innovations of the Baytown Period were the introduction of bow
and arrow technology and horticulture.
mural depicts the Kings Crossing site (C. 1000 A. D.) which is a prime
ceremonial center during the Coles Creek culture.
prehistoric Native Americans were some of the first people in the
Mississippi valley to use large float-topped mounds extensively, both
for the chief's houses and their temples. In
the following period, the Mississippian, the culture development
intricate ceremonies and elaborated detailed pottery and carvings in
stone and wood.
Mississippian culture died out in the late 1600s and five distinct
tribes established themselves in Warren County: the Tunica, the Yazoo,
the Koroa, the Ofo, and the Tioux. The tribes lived near the
mouth of the Yazoo River, near present day Redwood.
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